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The Artificial Reefs of Volusia County, Florida
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Invertebrates of the Artificial Reef

telesto   Telesto, a soft octocoral, on a Site 4 culvert (Photo by Frank Alvarez)
 
Telesto close up (Photo by Joe Knott)  
 
sea fan by Joe Knott   Regal sea fan, a gorgonian (Photo by Joe Knott)
 
Yellow sea whip, white ivory bush coral, and yellow boring sponge on an old culvert   yellow sea whip
 
Site 6 yellow sea whip   Yellow Sea Whip close up
 
Ivory bush coral, telesto and yellow boring sponge   ivory bush coral, telesto and yellow boring sponge
 
  Close-up of white ivory bush coral, and yellow boring sponge
 
Large ivory coral, Oculina varicosa   Oculina varicosa
 
  Cup coral (lower left) and yellow boring sponge (upper left)

Cup coral and ivory bush coral are local hard corals
 
Cup coral up close and some white encrusting sponge   cup coral up close
 
  Close-up of an over growing tunicate
 
Red and yellow encrusting sponges  
 
  An encrusting sponge, similar to yellow boring sponge
 
White sea pork, a tunicate  
 
  Orange sea pork
 
Red encrusting sponge  
 
octopus   Octopus
 
Encrusting red and white sponges on a culvert on Site 12 only one year after the culvert was deposited   young red encrusting sponge
 
sheepshead among sea fans   Sheepshead among gorgonians
(Photo by Tom Kinsey)
 
Telesto on end of a culvert on Site 11   Telesto on end of culvert
 
Thesea nivea   White eye sea spray, Thesea nivea
 
White encrusting sponge on hydroids   white encrusting sponge
 
Sea Nettle   Sea nettle jellyfish
 
Two turtles courting at Site 4 (Photo by John Lane, w/o strobe)  
 
  Turtle on Site 11
 
An arrow crab   arrow crab
 
reef urchin   Reef urchin
 
Very few lobsters are seen among the culverts on the artificial reefs (Photo by John Lane, w/o strobe)  
 
  Here's how it is done